Longitudinal bars detailing of a column section

Longitudinal reinforcement is provided in column to carry the applied axial load and bending moment along with concrete. Minimum longitudinal reinforcement It should be at least 0.8 percent of the

When do we need doubly reinforced beams ?

As the name implies doubly reinforced beams means we are providing the reinforcement in both the zones. In the case of a beam the zone is basically compression and tension

Why do we provide transverse reinforcement in beams?

Transverse reinforcement in beams is provided mainly to resist the shear forces or forces which act in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of reinforced concrete beams. We follow

Modular ratio in RCC beam design

Let us start with the basic definition of modular ratio. It is the ratio of elasticity modulus of two different materials. For example, let the value of elasticity modulus of