Admixtures are chemical compounds that alter the properties of concrete. We can add admixtures before or during the concrete mix as an ingredient of concrete, other than cement, aggregate, and water. The mostly used admixture is plasticizers and super plasticizers. We use different types of admixtures, for different functions.

Check this post to learn about admixtures.

**The Concrete Mix Design app** will help you quickly grasp the concept of mix design as it is effortless to use and has an excellent graphical interface. Here you can go a step further by varying the parameters and analysing the effect in design to get a in depth knowledge.

Here you will understand the effect of admixtures in concrete mix design through our concrete mix design application, this will also help you to apply this knowledge to your university course or at site in practical situations.

**In this tutorial, you’ll learn:**

- What is admixtures?
- How admixture effect the concrete mix design ?
- Important
**steps**involved in the design. - How to effectively set different parameter to get
**efficient design**?

The different design stipulations required for the desired mix are shown in the table below:

Stipulations for proportioning | |
---|---|

Type of Concrete | RCC |

Grade Designation | M50 |

Shape of Particle | Angular |

Slump | 50 mm |

Water- Cement Ratio | 0.39 |

Exposure Condition | Severe |

Concrete Placement | Pump |

Degree of Supervision | Good |

The different experiemental data required for the desiered mix are shown in the table below:

Test data for materials | |
---|---|

Standard Deviation | — |

Specific Gravity of Fine Aggregate | 2.65 |

Specific Gravity of Coarse Aggregate | 2.62 |

Specific Gravity of Cement | 3.15 |

Specific Gravity of Admixture | 1.145 |

Water absorption of Fine Aggregate | 1.0 % |

Water absorption of Coarse Aggregate | 0.5% |

Free Surface Moisture of Fine Aggregate | Zero |

Free Surface Moisture of Coarse Aggregate | Zero |

Sieve analysis | |
---|---|

Fine Aggregate | Zone 2 |

Coarse Aggregate | 20 mm |

### Different cases :

Case 1 : Chemical Admixture | |
---|---|

Volume ( By mass of cement) | 2% |

Water Content Reduction | Zero |

Case 2 : Chemical Admixture | |
---|---|

Volume ( By mass of cement) | 4% |

Water Content Reduction | Zero |

Case 3 : Chemical Admixture | |
---|---|

Volume ( By mass of cement) | 6% |

Water Content Reduction | Zero |

## Steps for concrete mix design using the concrete mix design calculator

### All the steps are the same, only the admixture concentration is varied.

Step 1: Download the application from play store and install it. Once you are done with the installation, open the application and select the first option “Design mix” -to design a concrete mix as per IS 10262:2009.

Step 2: Input the data as per the problem. The different stipulations for proportioning, data of sieve analysis of aggregates, data of chemical admixtures if applicable, and also the different test data for materials.

Step 3: Next just press the play symbol, to get the final output.

In this result it is evident that when you change the admixture content there is a significant difference in the design mix ratio of concrete, though all the other parameters are kept the same. The aggregate content is changed, in this problem as this depends on the type of admixtures used.

### Remark

- The application will also let you know if you have entered incompatible combination of exposure condition and grade of concrete as per Indian standards correct it and again press the play symbol, to get the final output.
- Yes you will also get the complete calculation of the mix design. Just you have to go back from this final out put page to get the complete calculation.
- If you again go back then you will be directed to the input page. You can repeat the design using different problem.

We hope you understand the concept of design and how different concentration of admixture effect a design mix of M-50 concrete. Further, you can use CMD app to change the parameter and study the effect on design mix.

## Concrete Mix Design

- Calculate cement, sand and aggregate quantity in concrete.
- Calculate the number of premix bags required for your project.
- Option to set your own size and rate of premix bags.
- Calculate the volume of concrete required for slabs, walls, footings and columns.
- Calculate the weight of ingredients required for preparing the calculated volume of concrete.